Latvia is a country on the Baltic Sea between Lithuania and Estonia. Its landscape is marked by wide beaches as well as dense, sprawling forests. Latvia’s capital is Riga, home to notable wooden and art nouveau architecture, a vast Central Market and a medieval Old Town with St. Peter’s Church. Riga’s museums include the Latvian Ethnographic Open-Air Museum, showcasing local crafts, food and music.
Territory of Latvia: 64 589 square kilometers.
Government: parliamentary republic.
Official language: Latvian.
Population: 2.02 million.
Capital: Riga (population – 692,000 from which 42,3% are Latvian, 41,1% – Russian, 4,2% – Belarusian, 3,9% – Ukrainian and 8,5% – other nationalities).
The biggest towns: Riga, Daugavpils, Jelgava, Jūrmala, Liepāja, Rēzekne, Ventspils.
Currency: euro (EUR) established since 1st January 2014.
Time zone: GMT (Greenwich time) +2, from April to November – GMT +3 (1 hour difference in comparison with Moscow).
International telephone code: +371.
Borders with: Estonia, Lithuania, Belarus, Russia and bathed by Baltic Sea.